Investigation of the Effect of Treatment Applied to Type 2 Diabetes Patients on Sleep Quality, Nutritional Habits and Biochemical Parameters during the COVID-19 Pandemic Process
Keywords:COVID-19, type 2 diabetes, nutrition, sleep quality
Restrictions made during the COVID-19 pandemic have affected individuals' eating habits and sleep quality. This research was conducted to evaluate the sleep quality and nutritional habits of individuals diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic process, and to investigate the effect of sleep quality and nutritional habits on biochemical parameters.
It was carried out with 94 volunteers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between the ages of 35-75, who applied to the Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Diseases polyclinic of Biruni University Hospital in Istanbul between December 2020 and February 2021.In the study; A questionnaire containing information about the sociodemographic characteristics of the individuals, their eating habits, the pandemic process, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PUKI), and food consumption frequency form were applied to the individuals. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical findings of individuals were also taken. In accordance with the COVID-19 measures, the questionnaires were applied by telephone or in the form of an online google survey form, in line with the consent of the individuals. SPSS 15.0 statistical package program was used in the Windows environment to evaluate all the obtained information together. When the data of individuals whose general average age is 55.7±10.52 during the COVID-19 pandemic process are evaluated; 24.4% have good sleep quality and 75.5% have poor sleep quality. It was determined that the frequency of consumption of “Milk-Yogurt”, “Sausage-Sausage etc.”, “Fish” and “Spices” of individuals made a statistically significant difference on sleep quality (p<0.005). According to the sleep quality evaluation results, it was concluded that the biochemical parameters of vitamin D and magnesium were lower in individuals with poor sleep quality (p<0.005). As a result; In individuals diagnosed with diabetes, a larger sample should be studied on the relationship between sleep quality and eating habits.
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